AT A GLANCE

Monarchs of British islands

Kings and Queens of England, Scotland, Great Britain and/or the United Kingdom since 1000AD

Monarchs ranked

Oldest at accession

  1. William IV
    In 1830 aged 64
  2. Edward VII
    In 1901 aged 60
  3. George IV
    In 1820 aged 58

Youngest at coronation

  1. Henry VI
    In 1429 aged 7
  2. Henry III
    In 1220 aged 9
  3. Edward VI
    In 1547 aged 10

Shortest reign*

  1. Edmund Ironside
    7 months and 7 days, 1016
  2. Harold II
    9 months and 8 days, 1066
  3. Richard III
    2 years and 57 days, 1483-1485
*among undisputed and crowned monarchs only

Longest reign

  1. Elizabeth II
    Ongoing - Over 63 years and 216 days
  2. Victoria
    63 years, 216 days
  3. George III
    59 years, 96 days

Chronologically by year of accession

Explanation of selected terminology and symbols

LABEL EXPLANATION
Acceeded
Year of the monarch's accession to the throne prior to coronation
Issue (leg.)
Number of children born to the monarch and recognised as legitimate heirs by virtue of having been conceived in wedlock.
Issue (illeg.)
Number of children born to the monarch deemed illegtitimate due to having conceived out of wedlock.
W
Monarch born and recognised as a woman
Uncrowned
Monarch recognised as having acceeded to the throne but had no coronation.
Disputed
Subject's claim to the specific is disputed, likely suggesting they ruled over a majority of the realm but not its entirety.
Lifespan / reign

Monarch's overall lifespan
% of lifespan as monarch

Earliest female monarchs*

  1. Mary, Queen of Scots
    Queen of Scotland from 1542-1567, daughter of James V
  2. Mary I
    Queen of England, Wales & Ireland from 1553-1558 (alongside King Philip)
  3. Elizabeth I
    Queen of England, Wales & Ireland from 1558-1567
*among undisputed and crowned monarchs only

As of the 1707 Acts of Union

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Elizabeth II
1926
W
1952
TBD
4
0
Brother
George VI
Also final monarch of Ireland and India
1895
1936
1952
2
0
Edward VIII
Uncrowned
Voluntarily abdicated after ten months
1894
1936
1972
0
0
George V
1865
1910
1936
6
0
Edward VII
Also first Emperor of India and first King of British Dominions
1841
1901
1910
6
0
Niece
Victoria
Also Empress of India from 1876
1819
W
1837
1901
9
0
Brother
William IV
Also final King of Hanover
1765
1830
1837
2
10
George IV
Also first King of Hanover from 1814
1762
1820
1830
1
0
Grandson
George III
1738
1760
1820
15
0
George II
1683
1727
1760
8
0
2nd Cousin
George I
1660
1714
1727
2
3
Sister-in-law
Anne
1665
W
1702
1714
5
0

As of the Restoration of the British monarchy in 1660

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Husband
William III
aka William of Orange & as William II in Scotland
1650
1689
1702
0
0
Mary II
1662
W
1689
1694
0
0
Brother
James II
As James VII in Scotland
1633
1685
1701
15*
7*
Charles II
1630
1660*
1685
0
14+

As of the Commonwealth of England established in 1649

LORD PRT.
TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Richard Cromwell
1626
1658
1712
9
n/a
Oliver Cromwell
1599
1653
1658
9
n/a
None

A Rump Parliament established the Commonwealth of England in the aftermath of the Second English Civil War.

n/a
1649
n/a
n/a
n/a

Of England (also Wales from 1283 and Ireland from 1542)

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
Charles I
1600
1625
1649
9
0
1st cousin
2 removed
James I
Already James VI in Scotland since 1567
1566
1603
1625
7
0
Half-sister
Elizabeth I
1533
W
1558
1603
0
0
1st cousin 1 removed
Mary I
with Philip of Naples / Philip II of Spain
1516
W
1553
1558
0
0
1st cousin 1 removed
Jane
Disputed
aka Lady Jane Grey
1536/7
W
1553
1554
0
0
Edward VI
1537
1547
1553
0
0
Henry VIII
Also King of Ireland from 1542
1491
1509
1547
4
1+
4th cousin
1 removed
Henry VII
1457
1485
1509
8
1
Uncle
Richard III
1452
1483
1485
1
2
Edward V
Uncrowned
1470
1483
1483*
0
0
3rd cousin
2 removed
Edward IV
Deposed for six months and replaced by Henry VI between 1470 and 1471.
1442
1461
1483
10
5+
Henry VI
Deposed for nine and a half years before a second brief reign between 1470 and 1471.
1421
1422
1471
1
0
Henry V
1387
1413
1422
1
0
Cousin
Henry IV
1367
1399
1413
6
0
Grandson
Richard II
1367
1377
1400
0
0
Edward III
Also claimed King of France from 1337
1312
1327
1377
9
0
Edward II
1284
1307
1327
4
1
Edward I
aka 'Longshanks', also de facto King of Wales from 1283
1239
1274
1307
14+
3
Henry III
1207
1216
1272
5
0
Brother
John
Also Lord of Ireland from 1177
1166
1199
1216
5
0
Richard
The Lionheart
1157
1189
1199
0
1
Henry II
aka Henry Plantaganet
1133
1154
1189
10
0
Cousin
Matilda
Disputed
Former Holy Roman Empress 1114-1125. Disputed reign, as Lady of the English, disrupted the reign of King Stephen between 1141 and 1148.
1102
W
1141
1167
3
0
Nephew
Stephen
aka Stephen of Blois. Reign disrupted by the disputed reign of Matilda between 1141 and 1148.
1092/6
1135
1154
5
0
Brother
Henry
Also Duke of Normandy from 1106
1068
1100
1135
2+
25+
William II
aka William Rufus
1056
1087
1100
0
0
William
aka William The Conqueror
1028
1066
1087
9+
0
Edgar
Disputed
Uncrowned
aka Edgar the Ætheling
1051
1066
1126
0
0
Harold II
aka Harold Godwinson
1022
1066
1066
7
0
Edward
aka Edward The Confessor
1003
1043
1066
0
0
Harthacnut
additionally as King of Denmark
1018
1040
1042
0
0
Harold Harefoot
Uncrowned?
c.1016
1035
1040
0
1*
Cnut (aka Canute)
additionally as King of Denmark & Norway
c.995
1017
1035
4
0
Edmund Ironside
c.991
1016
1016
2
0
Æthelred the Unready
Deposed for three months between 1013 and 2014 by Sweyn Forkbeard
c.967
978
1016
13+
0
Various
Rulers of House Wessex
c.450-500
519
978

Of Scotland only

MONARCH TITLE BORN ACCEEDED DIED ISSUE (LEG.) ISSUE (ILLEG.)
James VI
Also King of England from 1603 as James I
1566
1567
1625
7
0
Mary
Queen of Scots
1542
W
1542
1587
1
0
James V
1512
1513
1542
3
9+
James IV
1473
1488
1513
4
5+
James III
1451
1460
1488
3
0
James II
1430
1437
1460
7
1
James I
1394
1406
1437
8
0
Robert III
c.1337
1390
1406
7
2+
Nephew
Robert II
1316
1371
1390
14
0
Edward Balliol
Disputed
1283
1332
1367
0
0
David II
1324
1329
1371
0
0
Robert
aka Robert The Bruce
1274
1306
1329
5
6
Various
Interregnum 1296-1306
House Balliol 1292-1296
Interregnum 1290-1292
House Sverre
1286-1290 (DISP.)
House Dunkeld 1034-1286
House Alpin 848-1034
848

About this page

This page was first published in December 2016. Information on this page may change as a result of any inaccuracies identified. Key sources of information for this page include Wikipedia.